- Our intellect is limited, true understanding requires the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah.
- The Quran helps us correct our priorities and perspective.
- The Quran teaches us through a variety of methods such as stories, examples, parables and direct commands and prohibitions.
Verses of the Quran are explained through:
1) Other verses (in context)
2) The Sunnah and ahadith of the Messenger (pbuh)
3) The understanding of the companions and the Salaf (May Allah be pleased with them).
- Throughout the Quran, Allah (swt) pairs visible signs from the universe and creation with matters of the unseen, to build our faith and certainty.
Our personal development is derived from working on three main areas:
1) Iqra: Read and learn beneficial knowledge. (96:1)
2) Qum il Layla: Stand and pray at night. (73:2)
2) Qum fa anthir: Stand up and warn others (Dawah) (74:2)
From this session’s parable on Dunya:
- This world is attractive and it will captivate you if you are heedless. And before you know it, your time will be up.
- The same lesson can be taken from our own bodies, youth and health. After peaking we’ll decline, and then we start to realize we’re running out of time.
What was once green and lush will quickly become dry and dead:
- Just like you understand a bouquet of flowers will only last so long before being thrown out, see this life as fleeting and expect it to end as well.
- The temporary nature of this world and everything in it, naturally leads us to ask about what follows it, which is the Hereafter.
- As we go through different stages of life, our focus shifts from one thing to another but the hereafter is what really matters all along.
Dunya is compared to the example of water coming down from the sky on to vegetation:
- The water, like every blessing we have been given, came from the sky - from Allah (swt).
- Plants that are over irrigated die and the same happens to plants in a state of drought. The right amount of water is required for them to thrive. The same with Dunya, too much or too little is harmful to us, so balance is required.
- Everyone is to judge for himself where the balance lies. Don’t get caught up in judging others as being too materialistic or “dunya-oriented”. Hearts are different, what is a trial for you may not be for them.
- We were put on Earth for a reason, and that is to use everything around us in order to earn the pleasure of Allah (swt).
- Your children and wealth leave you at death, and only your deeds continue with you to the grave.
- In the hereafter it’s every man for himself, so make sure you’re fulfilling others rights, but stay focused on increasing your good deeds.
- Try to evaluate your actions to determine if it is just focusing on decoration or if it’s contributing to your lasting good deeds.
- Small deeds can become huge with the right intention and big deeds can become small with the wrong intention.
- When you see others enjoying this life and focusing on it, while you’re struggling with leaving it, remember that what’s with Allah (swt) is better in reward and greater in hope.
- Your intentions can constantly shift, so you have to be aware of yourself.
- Increase in hidden deeds to try and achieve sincere intentions.